发布时间：2021-04-30 16:50 点击：
In fact, there are many details to pay attention to in thesis translation, which requires more professional translators to be competent. What matters should we pay attention to in thesis translation?
1、 Understand the overall structure of the paper
The paper translation should first grasp the logical relationship of the whole paper, make clear the time order of the article and the influence and connection between the contents, which requires the translator to grasp the application of tense in the paper translation. English abstracts of scientific papers often use the simple present tense, the simple past tense and the present perfect tense. Different tenses express different meanings.
In general, the present tense is used to describe the goal, content, method and result of research, and to express the existing state, objective fact or universal truth; The general past tense is used to describe the discovery, research process or final test results in the past, especially at a certain time before the writing of the paper, that is to say, the action or the state of existence in the past at a certain time; The present perfect tense is used to introduce the completed research and experiment as well as the influence on the present, that is, to connect the events in the past with the present situation, and to emphasize the influence and function of the past on the present.
It is not difficult to see that a clear logic of time can make the translation more smooth and help readers understand the author's writing ideas and the main ideas expressed.
2、 Pay attention to the transformation of Chinese and English thinking habits
Chinese and foreigners have different thinking habits, and foreigners prefer to be concise. Therefore, in the process of translation, without word to word correspondence, the translator can omit or modify individual non substantive words on the basis of accurately expressing the original meaning, and also flexibly adjust the grammar and voice, such as splitting a long complex sentence into two short sentences or merging several short Chinese sentences into one long English sentence.
3、 Pay attention to the professional use of words
For the translation of scientific papers, the author's scientific research findings, argumentation and achievements are often described in the papers, involving the professional vocabulary of a certain professional field. Therefore, in the process of translation, it is necessary to understand the professional background knowledge involved in this field, and consult the professional vocabulary in the professional dictionary when necessary, so as to ensure the quality and professionalism of the paper translation. In addition, translators should also pay attention to the cohesion between sentences, such as the smooth translation of conjunctions and connecting sentences, so as to make the writing not only professional but also fluent.